1962

13 September - B Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion of the 52nd Air Defense Artillery (ADA, 6th Group at Ft. Bliss, Texas was deployed to Johnston Island in the South Pacific to launch and detonate a Nike Hercules missile with a 10 KT nuclear warhead.

25 October - The 2nd Missile Battalion (less B Battery) 52nd ADA issued orders to deploy to south Florida in response to the buildup of Russian missile in Cuba.

28 October - Battalion Headquarters and Headquarters Battery (HHB) of the 13th Artillery Group , a Strategic Army Corps (STRAC) unit from Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, was alerted for movement to Florida at 0400 hours.

30 October - HHB 13th AD Group arrived by rail at Homestead AFB.

4 November - Battery B, 2nd Missile Battalion, 52nd ADA launched a Nike Hercules missile with a 10 KT warhead off of Johnston Island in the South Pacific.

8 November - The 13th AD Group had moved to Princeton, about four miles north of Homestead AFB. It exercised supervisory control of the incoming HAWK units from Ft, Lewis, Washington and the Nike Hercules units from Ft. Bliss, Texas. The 13th Group was assigned temporary operational control by ARADCOM's 2nd Region of all of the ADA units dispatched to Florida.

1963

1 April - The 13th Air Defense Artillery Group and all subordinate HAWK and Nike Hercules missile battalions were assigned permanent operational control by ARADCOM's 2d Region.

1 November - The Florida HAWK and Nike Hercules missile battalions were formally assigned to the 13th Air Defense Artillery Group, a subordinate command of the 53rd Air Defense Artillery Brigade , headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. The 53rd ADA Brigade was under the direct control of the ARADCOM 2nd Region. Logistical support was provided by the Third US Army Logistical Support (TUSALOG)

1965

After nearly three years in tents, the Florida units relocated to permanent facilities. The firing batteries began certification to become equipped with nuclear warheads.

1968

15 November - The 13th Air Defense Artillery Group was replaced by the 47th Air Defense Artillery Brigade.

1970

31 March - The 31st Air Defense Artillery Brigade replaced the 47th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, and became a Strategic Army Forces (STRAF) unit under the United States Readiness Command's reaction forces.

18 May - The 2nd Missile Battalion, 52nd ADA, took over the mission of the 1st Missile Battalion (Nike Hercules), 133rd Air Defense Artillery at Ft. Bliss as a training support battalion.

27 March - D Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion was the first battery to leave Homestead for McGregor Guided Missile Range, New Mexico for STRAF certification. For nine weeks, D Battery participated in a concentrated field training exercise.

1971

30 June - The 52nd Artillery Battalion was brought under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) system resulting in the following actions:

The 52nd Field Artillery Battalion was consolidated, reorganized, and redesignated as the 52d Air Defense Artillery Regiment, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS).

Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 52nd Artillery Group, the 538th Field Artillery Battalion, the 539th Field Artillery Battalion, and the 52nd Field Artillery Battalion were consolidated with the parent regiment, the 52nd Artillery Battalion.

HHB, 52d Artillery Group was reorganized, and redesignated as the 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS).

1974

The Army Air Defense Command (ARADCOM) deactivated.

The 31st ADA Brigade and subordinate units in Florida was reassigned under the operation control of Army Forces Command (FORSCOM).

1975

A mission named "Operation Golden Shoes," by the Joint Chiefs of Staff ordered the Army to remove the W-31 nuclear warheads and replace them with the conventional high explosive T-45 fragmentation warheads. This operation involved the support of the Army 295th Military Police Company (Physical Security), Army Chinook CH-47 and Huey helicopters, and Air Force and C-141 Starlifters. By late summer, all the W-31s in south Florida had been replaced with T-45s.

1979

March - The Department of the Army announced the inactivation of the 31st ADA Brigade and the transfer of its three battalions.

  • 3rd Missile Battalion (HAWK) 68th Air Defense Artillery, was reassigned to XVIII Airborne Corps at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina.
  • 1st Missile Battalion (HAWK) 65th Air Defense Artillery was reassigned to Ft. Bliss, Texas
  • 2nd Missile Battalion (HERCULES) 52nd Air Defense Artillery, was reassigned to Ft. Bliss, Texas

21 May - The 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery was ordered to Ft. Bliss, Texas.

18 June - The 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery arrived at McGregor Range.

1980

1 July - The 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery reverted to control of The School Brigade; U.S. Army Air Defense School and was attached to 11th ADA Group for duty in the transition period in support of Patriot Operational Test II. Their primary mission was to provide training and support for Nike Hercules batteries of the Japanese, German, Spanish, Norwegian, and Dutch forces, as well as live firing exercises for ADA School Officer Basic Courses.

1982

March - The 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery received order to inactivate 15 April 1983.

15 September - FORSCOM withdrew the 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery nuclear mission. The following missile batteries inactivated:

  • A Battery 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery
  • C Battery 2nd Missile Battalion 2nd Air Defense Artillery

1 December - HHB, B and D Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery began equipment turn in.

16 December - HHB, B and D Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery assume non-operational status.

1983

8 February - HHB, B and D Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery were released from Contingency Plan Missions.

15 March - HHB, B and D Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery were inactivated at Ft. Bliss, Texas.

1988

16 April - The 2nd Missile Battalion 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment was withdrawn from the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System (USARS).

2/52 Reactivated: Different Mission - Different Weapons - On April 16, 1988, The 2nd Missile Battalion of the 52nd ADA Regiment was reactivated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina as a HAWK unit and later converted to a Stinger missile unit before deactivation in 1989 at Ft. Bragg.

2/52 in the Gulf War Defending Saudi Arabia and Liberating Kuwait - In 1990, The 2nd Missile Battalion was reactivated as a Patriot Missile Battalion and deployed to Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Kuwait as a unit of the of the XVIII Airborne Corps at Fort Bragg. The 2nd of the 52nd served in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. It was awarded the Valorous Unit Award and an embroidered streamer for the defense of Saudi Arabia and liberation of Kuwait.

On 15 April 1992 the parent brigade, the 108th, was relocated to Fort Polk, Louisiana, becoming a Patriot and Avenger unit.

On September 15, 1993 the 2nd Missile Battalion (Patriot) of the 52nd ADA was deactivated at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina.

THE 2ND OF THE 52ND COMPLETES THE CIRCLE - On 15 August 1996, under the control of the 108th Brigade, moved to Fort Bliss. Still under the control of the Airborne Corps,the 2nd of the 52nd added an airborne tab above its patch. The 2nd of the 52nd (Stinger) was the brigade's only unit to serve on jump status. This platoon had the distinction of being the first ADA unit to be deployed in the opening days of the Gulf War.

THE LAST ACTIVE NIKE HERCULES - In 2010, South Korea and Italy removed the last of the Nike Hercules as their national air defense weaponry.

 

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